In the Name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

As Muslims, we often struggle to reconcile science with our faith, either from ignorance of one or both. Some brothers were asking (actually quite a few months ago) about Islam and evolution. The following links address the issue and I hope you all find it beneficial:

I never finished the latter but found both thought-provoking. Imam al-Ghazali, may God be pleased with him, penned a relevant passage in his Deliverance from Error, translated by R.J. McCarthy:

[W]hoever takes up these mathematical sciences marvels at the fine precision of their details and the clarity of their proofs. Because of that, he forms a high opinion of the philosophers and assumes that all their sciences have the same lucidity and apodeictic solidity as this science of mathematics. Moreover, he will have heard the talk of the town about their unbelief, their negative attitude, and their disdain for the Law. Therefore he ceases to believe out of pure conformism (taqlīd), asserting: “If religion were true, this would not have been unknown to these philosophers, given their precision in this science of mathematics.” Thus, when he learns through hearsay of their unbelief and rejection of religion, he concludes that it is right to reject and disavow religion. How many a man have I seen who strayed from the path of truth on this pretext and for no other reason!

One may say to such a man: “A person skilled in one field is not necessarily skilled in every field. Thus a man skilled in jurisprudence and kalām (theology) is not necessarily skilled in medicine, nor is a man who is ignorant of the speculative and rational sciences necessarily ignorant of the science of syntax. On the contrary, in each field there are men who have reached in it a certain degree of skill and preeminence, although they may be quite stupid and ignorant about other things. What the ancients had to say about mathematical topics was apodeictic, whereas their views on metaphysical questions were conjectural. But this is known only to an experienced man who has made a thorough study of the matter.”

And similarly today, many people reject faith as dichotomous with reason because ‘scientists’ cannot fathom the possibility of a higher power. Instead, as Dr. Lings mused, “pupils are indoctrinated with the modern pseudo-religion” of evolutionism without questioning the validity of that theory. But evolutionism is never more than that – a poorly constructed theory.

So, to summarize in six words, Islam is not an irrational religion. 🙂